Quick BioThe Kentrosaurus (often shortened to Kentro) was considered a more 'primitive' member of the Stegosauria family, but it was more of a spiked form of the Stegosaurus, which used mostly plates and spikes on the tail. Originally discovered back in 1909 - 1915. Fossils were found only in the Tendaguru Formation, around 152 million years ago. Hundreds of bones were unearthed by various German expeditions to the area. No complete skeletons are known but the remains that have been found nearly complete the picture of the possible build of the animal.
Its scientific name is Kentrosaurus Aethiopicus, thankfully the name Kentro has is pretty easy to pronounce for us normal peeps! The dinosaur was named by German paleontologist Edwin Henning in 1915. The name comes from the Greek word kentron/κέντρον which means "sharp point" or "prickle" and sauros, which we know means "lizard." They added the name Aethiopicus to denote it came from the provenance of Africa.
Conty, , via Wikimedia Commons
Discovery & Species
The picture to the left is the original pose before the 2006 renovation, and afterward, it was in a slightly different position.
There was some controversy while naming this discovery, over a name that is similar to the Ceratopsian Centrosaurus. There are some rules in biological naming, that forbid homonymy. This means two animals may not be given the same name (or in this case similar) and due to this, Henning renamed his to Kentrurosaurus meaning "Pointed-tail lizard" in 1916; while Hungarian paleontologist Franz Nopcsa renamed the genus to "Doryphorosaurus" which means "lance-bearing lizard" in the same year.
If renaming it was needed, Henning's would've had priority. However, since the spelling is different, it kept its original name of Kentrosaurus.
As is typical for most stegosaurs, the Kentrosaurus had extensive bony structures in its skin (osteoderm) covering its body & back. This includes small plates around its neck and spikes in various shapes and sizes. The spikes on the Kentro were elongated, with one having a core length of around 731 millimeters (~29 inches)! Aside from a few exceptions, most of the plates & spikes were uncertain in what position they were set in.
Feeding & Paleobiology
The image to the left is provided by the foundation, under a license.
The differences in the proportions, not the size, of the femurs, led scientists Holly Barden & Susannah Maidment to realize that the Kentrosaurus likely showed Sexual Dimorphism. One thought that paleontologists & scientists have considered was that there was likely a higher percentage of female Kentros than males.
Due to their tail having at least 40 caudal vertebrae, the tail was likely very mobile. This meant it could possibly swing its tail in a 180-degree arc, covering a large area behind its body while defending itself or its herd. Speeds are not known for sure, but it is estimated that they may have been able to swing their tail around 50 km/h (31 MPH). These spikes and the speeds of its tail likely were able to cripple smaller to medium-sized theropods, and likely did some serious damage to larger theropods. The Allosaurus likely gave it some trouble.
Kentrosaurus In MediaThe Kentrosaurus isn't nearly as popular in media as other Stegosaurs like the Stegosaurus. But you can find the Kentrosaurus in Path of Titans easily. I will try to make a video on the Kentrosaurus to pair this blog post with some footage of the dinosaur in Path of Titans when I get the chance.
ConclusionThe Kentro was a dangerous herbivore if you got too close to it. While it was likely peaceful when it wasn't feeling threatened, once it or a member of its pack was in danger, it would likely try to defend its packmates, even with Stegosaurs "known for their small brains."
Featured post image provided by Wikimedia Commons: Elekes Andor, , via Wikimedia Commons